Section 124-A of the Indian Penal Code, named ‘Sedition’, explains sedition in wide and magnanimous terms as whoever, by words, either spoken or written, or by signs, or by visible representation, or otherwise, brings or attempts to bring into hatred or contempt, or excites or attempts to excite disaffection towards, the Government established by law in 1India, 1 shall be punished with 1imprisonment for life, to which fine may be added, or with imprisonment which may extend to three years, to which fine may be added, or with fine.
Here is a list of 5 famous people who were charged with sedition in 21 century :-
1) Kanhaiya Kumar: The JNUSU leader is facing sedition charges for allegedly shouting anti-India slogans during a controversial event on parliament attack convict Afzal Guru. His arrest has triggered a political storm with swords drawn between right wingers and left wingers.
2) Hardik Patel: Last month Gujarat crime branch filed chargesheet against patidar quota stir leader Hardik Patel and his five associates and accused them of sedition.
3) Akbaruddin Owaisi: Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen MLA Akbaruddin Owaisi was slapped with the charge of sedition by the district police of Karimnagar, for the purported hate speech he delivered at Nirmal on December 22, 2012.
4) Arundhati Roy*: Roy, Hurriyat leader Syed Geelani and others booked on charges of sedition by Delhi Police for their “anti-India” speech at a seminar in 2010.The filing of the FIR came following a directive from a local court on a petition filed by Sushil Pandit who alleged that Geelani and Roy made anti-India speeches at a conference on “Azadi-the Only Way” on October 21, 2010.Reacting to the court order, Roy had said that perhaps they should “posthumously file a charge against Jawaharlal Nehru” and cited 14 instances where the first Prime Minister has said about “the question of accession in any disputed territory or state must be decided in accordance with wishes of people”
5)Dr Binayak Sen was accused of sedition by the Chhattisgarh government. He, however, was granted bail on April 15, 2011, by the Supreme Court of India which said that no evidence of sedition was produced against the accused by the Chhattisgarh government.